The standard survey of slavery in ancient Greece. French, and ; Nelson, ; Fricke, The steel industry was already highly concentrated by as U. Finally, Harry Jerome and, later, Harry Oshima both suggest that the price of unskilled labor began to rise as immigration sharply declined with new immigration laws and falling population growth.
Farmers might load up their surplus goods on a small ship to sell them in a neighboring city, as Hesiod attests, but long-distance sea-borne trade was devoted almost exclusively to luxury items, such as precious metals, jewelry, and finely-painted pottery.
Thus, one recent trend in the scholarship has been to try to revise the Finley model in light of focused studies of particular sectors of the economy at specific times and places.
With the gold standardcountries agreed to convert paper money into a fixed amount of gold. The primary source of the fall in male labor force participation rates was a rising retirement rate.
Stigler, This merger wave created many larger firms that ranked below the industry leaders. The producers of automobiles, petroleum, typewriters, sewing machines, and harvesters were typical of those manufacturers that integrated all the way into retailing.
In this system, trade between nations was settled using physical gold. Figure 24 The late twenties boom in the American economy was rapid, highly visible, and dramatic.
The distribution of finds of ancient pottery can, therefore, tell us the extent of trade in various goods.